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Top 10 Most Beautiful and Best Places to Visit in Beijing

Best Places to Visit in Beijing

Ranking second in size after Shanghai, Beijing is not only the political center of China but has a history of more than 800 years. It also plays an important role in the cultural, economic, scientific and academic life of the country. Located in the northwest part of the North China Plain, not far from the western slope of Yanshan Mountain, Beijing – sometimes called Beijing – is a great place to explore this dynamic country due to its dense network of highways, railroads, and connections with other countries. big cities. airline communication.

Beijing itself has no shortage of unique sightseeing opportunities. It is home to some of the country’s most famous tourist attractions, including part of the famous Great Wall at Badaling Pass. The city’s many historical and cultural attractions include the Forbidden City, Beihai Park, Meishan Park, and the Temple of Heaven, many of which are located in the well-preserved historic city centre.

Other things to do include exploring the massive Tiananmen Square, numerous important temples, new buildings brought by the city’s growing prosperity, and major events like the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Indulge in some of the city’s best shopping and dining options after your tour.

Have a look at our list of the Best Places to Visit in Beijing and make your trip enjoyable.

10 Best Places to Visit in Beijing

Let’s explore the top 10 Most Beautiful and Best Places to Visit in Beijing:

1. Palace Museum and Forbidden City

Also known as the Forbidden City, the Forbidden City in China’s top attraction and its origins can be traced back to the 13th century Yuan Dynasty. Its immense size was the result of the expansion of the Ming Dynasty after the capital was moved there from Nanjing between 1406 and 1420.

As a result, the 24 Ming and Qing emperors once lived in this beautiful palace known as the Forbidden City as ordinary citizens could not enter. Covering an area of ​​720,000 square meters, the complex is surrounded by 10 meter high rectangular towers and a 50 meter wide moat. It is divided into areas used for ceremonial and administrative purposes, as well as private residences once used by the emperor and his concubines.

Highlights include the Meridian Gate, built in 1420; Jinhe Bridge, a network of five ornate white marble bridges; and the Hall of Protection, which served as the emperor’s banquet hall.

Other sights worth seeing include the largest hall in the inner courtyard, Tianqing Palace, and Wuyong Hall, the emperor’s permanent residence and private audience hall. The impressive 35-metre-high Hall of Supreme Harmony is the largest surviving wooden building in the country and has its ornately decorated gilded throne.

Just a short walk from the Palace Museum in the historic Imperial College (Guozijian). Founded by Kublai Khan in 1287 and closed until 1900, this beautiful building was once the country’s national university and saw former emperors visit it often for further study and knowledge. The complex covers more than 10,000 square meters, most of which can be explored.

Address: No. 4, Jingshan Front Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing

Official website: https://en.dpm.org.cn

2. Great Wall of China

Beijing is only an hour away from the Great Wall of China, undoubtedly one of the country’s most famous historical landmarks. At Badaling Pass, the first section of the Great Wall opened to tourists in the 1950s, you can hike along the impressive 16th-century section of the Great Wall that reaches 8 meters in height.

Along the way, you can admire the numerous towers and balustrades that offer stunning views of the stunning surrounding landscape. While walking between the mountains, you can actually go up the mountain by pleasant cable car.

Popular with tourists, this part of the Great Wall of China can be busy, so try to plan your itinerary to arrive as early as possible. Better yet, consider signing up for a tour. The Great Wall’s Day Tour to Badaling and Ming Tombs provides insight into the history and is an extremely easy way to visit the site.

Another popular place to experience the Great Wall of China is Mutianyu, some of which date back to the 6th century AD. It has been rebuilt and expanded over the centuries, gaining popularity for its breathtaking views that are especially beautiful in spring and autumn.

3. Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square (Tiananmen Square) is the largest city square in the world. It was designed to accommodate 1 million people and was built in 1958 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China. Considered the center of Communist China, the square’s symbolism dates back to May 4, 1919, when students demonstrated against the provisions of China’s Versailles Peace Treaty.

Highlights of the visit include the Monument to the People’s Heroes (Rénmín Yingxióng Jìniànbei), the 38-metre-high obelisk made of 17,000 granite and marble, and the magnificent Tiananmen Square known as Tiananmen. Completed in 1417, it was once the main entrance to the imperial city.

Another important gateway is Zhengyangmen or Qianmen, the southernmost point to enter Tiananmen Square. Dating from the early 15th century and restored in the early 1900s, this magnificent building is considered one of the city’s most important landmarks.

Other notable features are the Museum of the Chinese Revolution, with exhibits depicting the various stages of the 1919 Chinese Revolution and the development of the Communist Party, and the Mao Zedong Mausoleum, whose remains are contained within a crystal sarcophagus.

Address: Beijing Dongcheng

4. Beihai Park

Not far from the Forbidden City, Beihai Park is one of the oldest royal gardens in Beijing. Built in the early 10th century, this beautiful open space takes its name from the nearby Lake Beihai (North Lake) and offers many good reasons to visit.

The park’s highlights include the Round Fortress from the Yuan Dynasty 1271-1368 and the imposing Hall of Enlightenment. Built in 1690, the main hall is home to a one-and-a-half meter high white jade Buddha statue and a large black jade vase from the early 12th century.

Another notable feature is Soong Ching Ling’s luxury residence (now a museum), where founder Sun Yat-sen’s widow lived for 18 years until her death. You’ll also want to visit the former residence of the famous Beijing Opera actress Mei Lanfang (Mei Lanfang Ancient Opera), who played female-only characters.

Also, try to include Guo Moruo’s house in your Beijing itinerary. The famous writer and historian lived here in a traditional Chinese courtyard-style residence from 1963 until his death in 1978. Also on your list is the beautiful 17th-century White Tower on the Emerald Isle.

Address: No. 1 Wenjin Street, Xicheng District, Beijing

Official website: www.beihaipark.com.cn//english/index.html

5. Beijing National Stadium

The National Stadium (Guójia tiyùchang) – also affectionately known as the Bird’s Nest – is world famous for its role in the spectacular 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing and is well worth a visit.

This remarkable building costs a lot and its unique design is inspired by traditional Chinese ceramics and has been used since the Olympics to host large-scale cultural events and performances, including opera, pop concerts and football matches. In winter, it transforms into the world’s largest man-made indoor ski resort. (English and self-guided tours are available.)

Another nearby attraction is the National Aquatics Centre. It is also known as the Water Cube because of its fascinating nighttime display that is illuminated and looks like a giant ice cube. In addition to serving as the venue for Olympic swimming events, parts of the building have been converted into the fun Water Cube water park.

Afterward, be sure to wander along with the beautiful Olympic Green. This delightful park and greenery will take you past many of the most important buildings of the 2008 Olympics.

Address: No. 1, National Stadium South Road, Chaoyang City

Official website: www.n-s.cn/endex.jsp

6. Lama Temple (Yonghe)

The Lama Temple, also known as the Lama Temple, is one of the most attractive and best preserved temples in Beijing. Completed in 1745, the building later served a political purpose by providing an official seat in the capital for the newly added Tibetan religion Lamaism. It was built in great proportions and furnished with many precious works of art.

Its highlight is the Heavenly Kings Hall (Tianwangdian) with statues of Buddha surrounded by four kings and offering symbols (frogs, swords, snakes, and shields). Also worth mentioning is the statue of the Buddhist guardian Veduo holding an iron rod.

Other notable buildings include the Si Tong Stele Pavilion (Jade Pen Pavilion), which contains a stone tablet from 1792 containing the history of Lamaism written in Chinese, Manchu, Tibetan and Mongolian; The Falun Hall, the temple’s teaching, the six-meter-high Buddha statue, two thrones, and numerous scriptures.

Be sure to visit the Siqianfu Pavilion (Wangfu Pavilion), the largest building in the Lama Temple with its huge 18-metre-high sandalwood statue.

Address: No. 12, Yonghegong Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing

7. Beijing Capital Museum and National Performing Arts Center

Beijing is great for art and culture lovers. Of particular interest is the excellent Beijing Capital Museum, one of the country’s leading art museums. Opened in 1981, the museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, including ancient porcelain and bronzes, traditional calligraphy and artwork, and many fine sculptures from Chinese and other Asian cultures.

Other highlights of the collection of more than 200,000 important cultural relics, mostly from Beijing and its surrounding areas, include the massive Qianlong Emperor stele, weighing over 40 tons and nearly 7 meters high, featuring ancient texts and characters.

Another modern Beijing landmark worth visiting is the National Center for the Performing Arts (Guójia dà jùyuàn), also known as the Dome. Considered one of the best opera houses in Asia, the building opened in 2001 and has since been home to many of the world’s leading opera singers (especially worth a visit if you can attend a performance).

Address: No. 16, Fuxingmenwai Street, Xicheng District, Beijing

8. Beijing Ancient Observatory

The castle-style Beijing Gu Guanxiàngtái (Beijing Guanxiàngtái), built in 1442, was located east of the city, near the station area, and was in use until 1929. It is widely regarded as one of the oldest such observatories in the world.

The 10,000-square-foot facility includes many fascinating old-fashioned front telescopic instruments, a celestial globe dating back to 1673, and an 18th-century gunboat depicting planets (at least those known at the time). a bronze musical instrument designed by several great Jesuit missionaries, including Ferdinand Webster. Once part of the old city walls, this tall brick tower is a museum that gives you an incredible glimpse into the stars and planets that existed back then.

Address: No. 2, Dongbiao North Hutong, Jianwai Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing

9. Fayuan Temple

Fayuán Sì (Fayuán Sì), also known as the Fayuan Temple – dates back to 645 AD and consists of several halls, the oldest of which dates from the 7th century and contains many ancient stone carvings. The temple has witnessed many of Beijing’s most important historical events in the 12th century, including serving as a prison for Emperor Huizong, an examination place for the country’s highest office, and a botanical garden.

Today the temple is a place of worship and is home to China’s most important educational institution, the Buddhist Academy. Other attractions include the Bell and Drum Towers in the first courtyard; The Heavenly Hall of Kings and its graceful statues; The Mahavira Hall, which houses the present, past and future Buddha statues in the form of 18 Arhats; A Han Dynasty (25- 220 AD) statue of Debian Jue Tang Hall Year) ceramic sculpture is one of the most valuable cultural relics of the temple.

Another Buddhist attraction worth visiting is the Zhihua Temple. Founded in 1444, it is one of the most important original Ming Dynasty architectural complexes in the old city of Beijing. Of particular note is the two-floor Tathagata Hall (Rulai Hall), named after its unusual Buddha statues (also known as the Hall of the Ten Thousand Buddhas because of the many small Buddha statues adorning the walls).

Address: No. 7, Fayuan Temple Front Street, Xicheng District, Beijing

10. The Beijing Temple of Confucius

On a pleasant street surrounded by decorative gates, not far from the Lama Temple, is the Beijing Confucius Temple. It was built in 1302 and is dedicated to the great philosopher and teacher Confucius, whose teachings have dominated public and private life for centuries.

One of the most famous Confucian temples in China, the Beijing Temple once hosted many elaborate ceremonies to honor his island under the emperor’s leadership. In the front yard are 198 stone tablets, all engraved with the names of 51,624 Confucian scholars.

A highlight is Dacheng Hall (Dacheng Hall). It has many shrines dedicated to Confucius, his students, and other Confucian philosophers, as well as many ancient musical instruments and other ceremonial objects used in festivities on the large terrace in front of the hall.

Another religious site worth seeing due to its beautiful appearance (non-Muslims are not allowed) is the Niujie Mosque, built in AD 995. The oldest and largest mosque in Beijing’s Muslim quarter includes a minaret, hexagonal moon tower and two pavilions with Chinese and Arabic inscriptions.

Address: No. 15, Guozijian Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing

Conclusion:

Hope you like our choice of the best places to visit in Beijing. If you think there are some more beautiful places to visit in Beijing, we should cover them. Write us below in the comment box.

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